SEBI Registered Investment Advisers (RIA) provide right financial advice and act in clients’ interest. RIAs are like Financial Doctors and are different from Distributors and Banks. RIAs focus more on advice where as Distributors including Banks focus more on products; just like selling medicines.
Regular and Direct Mutual Fund Products
The Mutual Fund AMCs design regular products factoring two components; i.e. the price of the product and the commission. When the investors buy Regular MFs; the embedded Commission in it is passed on to the Distributors and Banks. It is like selling branded medicines.
But now SEBI has directed AMCs to design Direct MF schemes without the commission in it. It is like generic medicines. These are transparent and the investors do not pay for the Commission component. These are not offered by the Distributors and Banks since they do not earn commission from it.
Benefit of Direct Schemes
SEBI has mandated that expenses ratios of MF schemes should not exceed 2.5% in case of equity schemes and 2.25% in case of Debt schemes. These include the commission paid to the Distributors and the Banks. We provide the comparative expenses ratio of some Regular and Direct Mutual Fund schemes below .The differences are due to the commission embedded in Regular schemes. As may be observed, it is around 1% more in case of Regular schemes than in Direct schemes .This excess of 1% in Regular schemes are paid to the Distributors and Banks
|Sl no||Large Cap Funds||Expenses Ratio(%)|
|1||BSL Front Line Equity||2.07||0.96||1.11|
|2||BSL Top 100||2.19||1.05||1.14|
|Mid Cap Funds|
|1||Motilal Oswal Most Focused30||2.48||1.29||1.19|
|2||HDFC Mid Cap||2.26||1.26||1.00|
|3||BNP Paribas Mid cap||2.47||1.03||1.44|
|Small Cap Funds|
|1||Franklin Smaller Co.||2.38||1.13||1.25|
|2||Motilal Oswal Most focused25||2.63||1.39||1.24|
|Multi Cap Funds|
|1||BSL Advantage Fund||2.24||1.03||1.21|
|2||Franklin High Growth||2.32||1.24||1.08|
|3||Franklin Prima Plus||2.22||1.19||1.05|
|3||ICICI Pru Balanced||2.25||0.80||1.45|
|Monthly Income Plan (MIP)|
|1||BSL MIP II Wealth 25||2.12||0.85||1.27|
|2||UTI Income Opportunity||1.61||0.47||1.14|
|3||UTI Dynamic Bond||1.60||0.79||0.81|
|Source: Value Research July 2017|
What should be the right way for investors?
If one buys Direct Mutual Fund schemes, one can benefit by around 1% by saving on commission. There are other factors in investment besides expenses ratios. They are asset allocation and risk. But how to know what should be the right asset allocation and best product from risk appetite point of view? For this one can take the help of SEBI Registered Investment Advisers(RIA) who are fiduciary and will act in client’s interest. They are like financial doctors and will charge fee for the advice but bring the following positives for the investors;
- Transparency: One can clearly know how much one pay for the product and how much for the advice.
- Cheaper products: SEBI RIAs encourage Direct MFs with nil commission.
- Risk profiling: Risk profiling helps in determining asset allocation which is key for long term wealth creation
- Regular review: A professional investment adviser will conduct regular review of the portfolio..
- Rebalancing: Asset allocation is monitored through regular Portfolio rebalancing.
- Win- win: The commission saved in case of Direct plans (around 1%) can be utilized to pay the fee to the adviser and hence no extra cost for the investor.
How to buy Direct Mutual Funds?
Before we buy Direct MFs, we should be doubly sure about the right products. For example, it is believed that ICICI Direct and Policy Bazaar sell direct plans; but it is not so. They sell only commission products.
There were issues on sharing of data feeds by AMCs with RIAs. This has been resolved now with the intervention of SEBI. This will enable the advisers to transact in Direct Mutual Funds, undertake portfolio review and rebalancing.There are online platforms for Direct MFs which can help RIA to view and monitor the portfolio.
If you are interested to invest in /switch to Direct Mutual Funds, please visit the link Survey on Direct MF scheme